The Amazing Health Benefits of Juicing Raw Cannabis (Marijuana) Leaves

Contrary to popular belief, the marijuana plant is a whole lot more than just a psychoactive drug that “stoners” use to get high. In raw form, marijuana leaves and buds are actually loaded with a non-psychoactive, antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, and anti-cancer nutrient compound known as cannabidiol (CBD) that is proving to be a miracle “superfood” capable of preventing and reversing a host of chronic illnesses….


Though you may not have heard much about it, the CBD found in the marijuana plant — marijuana is technically just a vegetable, by the way — is a highly medicinal substance with unique immune-regulating capabilities.

Since the human body already contains a built-in endogenous cannabinoid system, complete with cannabinoid receptors, inputting CBD from marijuana can help normalize the body’s functional systems, including cell communication and proper immune function.

The way CBDs work is that they bridge the gap of neurotransmission in the central nervous system, including in the brain, by providing a two-way system of communication that completes a positive “feedback loop,” according to Dr. William Courtney, a medical marijuana expert and founder of Cannabis International. As opposed to a one-way transmission, which can promote chronic inflammation of healthy tissue, the unique two-way transmission system engaged by marijuana CBDs mimics the body’s own natural two-way communications system.

So individuals whose systems are compromised by autoimmune disorders, cellular dysfunction, chronic inflammation, cancer cells, and various other illnesses can derive a wide range of health-promoting benefits simply by consuming CBDs. And one of the best ways to obtain CBDs is to juice raw marijuana leaves and buds, according to Dr. Courtney, who currently runs a clinic in Luxembourg that provides raw cannabis medicinal services to patients in need.

“CBD works on receptors, and as it turns out, we have cannabinoids in our bodies, endogenous cannabinoids, that turn out to be very effective at regulating immune functions, nerve functions, bone functions,” says Dr. Ethan Russo, a Seattle, Wash.-area physician who is also a senior advisor to GW Pharmaceuticals, a British drug company that is utilizing CBDs in a new marijuana mouth spray known as Sativex.

“There’s a tendency to discount claims when something appears to be good for everything, but there’s a reason this is the case. The endogenous cannabinoid system acts as a modulator in fine-tuning a lot of these systems, and if something is deranged biochemically in a person’s body, it may well be that a cannabinoid system can bring things back into balance.”

Be sure to check out these amazing videos from Cannabis International that explain more about how raw cannabis, and specifically the CBDs found inside the plant, work to promote health and reverse disease:

While some U.S. states like California and Colorado are beginning to recognize and accept that marijuana has legitimate therapeutic value, the federal government continues to classify marijuana as a Schedule 1 drug with “no currently accepted medical use.” And as long as it remains classified in this way, most Americans will never have the opportunity to experience the healing potential of this vital superfood. But Cannabis International and other groups are continuing to educate the public about why marijuana is a food essential, and how legalizing it could change the world. To learn more, be sure to visit:

(Article by: Ethan A. Huff;    from: Why Don’t You Try This?)


Former Enemy Tribe Unifies in Peace With Standing Rock


“This is something unbelievable. This display of unity and the power of  coming together is unbelievable. No words can properly describe the  feeling. For example just this morning our traditional enemies the  Crow came to the camp here to stand in solidarity with us. And we  welcomed them with Open Hearts. That was a power that brought tears  to many people’s eyes. The Oceti Sakowin stand strong and committed  to stopping this pipeline.” – Dave Archambault Jr., Chairman of the  Standing Rock Sioux Nation. 

This quote, along with the picture was posted this morning, September  18th 2016. We are seeing the power of love in action. We are seeing  the awakening spread and magnify. And because we live in a  holofractographic reality, we will see unification continue to occur  more and more. Prayers are being answered. Calls for peace are being  heard and actions are now being implemented.

As healer Mary Crooks Kirkpatrick recently said, “It feels like what is happening to me is a microcosm of what is happening everywhere.  A lot of dark, not-so-pretty stuff is coming to the surface of our collective awareness.  What do we do with it?  Shine light on it!  Send love, refuse to get dragged into the ugliness.  As we each shift and shine, the darkness vanishes.  It doesn’t always happen instantly but it does happen.”

We are and will continue to see the purging of the darkness on this planet. Continue to send love to all situations and events playing out right now that are being transformed by this same love.

Continue to see the beautiful and wonderful things that are coming out of tough situations. Though the pipeline issue is not yet over, we have already seen so much beauty and unification come from this event. Perhaps the universe is conspiring to help us as a human race to once again come together in peace. Perhaps all the crises we face as a collective are helping us to understand our unity and are motivating us to take the necessary action to create the solutions.

What else can you do in your life to create more peace and unity? As I pose this question for all readers, I also ask this of myself. What can we do right now? Perhaps starting with ourselves by healing our own hearts is a great way to begin.

How does this story inspire you? What feelings arose as you read this wonderful news? Who can you share this heart-felt story with to spread peace even more? Let us know your thoughts and share this far and wide. The world needs most right now the proof that love heals all, that peace is spreading and that we are indeed one human family.


( Article by: Lance Schuttler  From: The Mind Unleashed )

Babies Exposed To Marijuana In The Womb ‘Actually Have Better Eyesight’

Pregnant woman in white underwear holding back

A controversial new study has shown that babies who are exposed to marijuana while in the womb actually have BETTER vision.

But the scientists have cautioned against smoking weed while pregnant in the hope of having super-babies.

Researchers from the University of Waterloo, Ontario found that exposure to the drug can improve a child’s ability to track moving objects.

Professor Ben Thompson, at the University of Waterloo, Ontario, said: ‘We were surprised with this initial finding.

‘It shows that marijuana and alcohol can have quite an impact on a fundamental aspect of the visual processing happening in our brains.

‘But despite the apparently beneficial impact of marijuana on the development of the brain’s visual system, other research shows its use can actually impair the brain development of unborn children.’

Last week, the American Medical Association suggested that marijuana products should be labelled, ‘Marijuana use during pregnancy and breastfeeding poses potential harms.’

Relatively few human studies have been carried out into the effects of smoking cannabis during pregnancy – although rat studies have suggested the drug can cause brain damage.

America’s National Institute on Drug Abuse says that more research is needed to separate marijuana use from other factors, but says, ‘Human studies have shown that some babies born to women who used marijuana during their pregnancies respond differently to visual stimuli, tremble more, and have a high-pitched cry, which could indicate problems with neurological development.’

(Article by: )



Cheney’s Halliburton Made $39.5 Billion On Iraq War


he accounting of the financial cost of the nearly decade-long Iraq War will go on for years, but a recent analysis has shed light on the companies that made money off the war by providing support services as the privatization of what were former U.S. military operations rose to unprecedented levels.

Private or publicly listed firms received at least $138 billion of U.S. taxpayer money for government contracts for services that included providing private security, building infrastructure and feeding the troops.

Ten contractors received 52 percent of the funds, according to an analysis by the Financial Times that was published Tuesday.

The No. 1 recipient?

Houston-based energy-focused engineering and construction firm KBR, Inc. (NYSE:KBR), which was spun off from its parent, oilfield services provider Halliburton Co. (NYSE:HAL), in 2007.

The company was given $39.5 billion in Iraq-related contracts over the past decade, with many of the deals given without any bidding from competing firms, such as a $568-million contract renewal in 2010 to provide housing, meals, water and bathroom services to soldiers, a deal that led to a Justice Department lawsuit over alleged kickbacks, as reported by Bloomberg.

Who were Nos. 2 and 3?

Agility Logistics (KSE:AGLTY) of Kuwait and the state-owned Kuwait Petroleum Corp. Together, these firms garnered $13.5 billion of U.S. contracts.

As private enterprise entered the war zone at unprecedented levels, the amount of corruption ballooned, even if most contractors performed their duties as expected.

According to the bipartisan Commission on Wartime Contracting in Iraq and Afghanistan, the level of corruption by defense contractors may be as high as $60 billion. Disciplined soldiers that would traditionally do many of the tasks are commissioned by private and publicly listed companies.

Even without the graft, the costs of paying for these services are higher than paying governement employees or soldiers to do them because of the profit motive involved. No-bid contracting – when companies get to name their price with no competing bid – didn’t lower legitimate expenses. (Despite promises by President Barack Obama to reel in this habit, the trend toward granting favored companies federal contracts without considering competing bids continued to grow, by 9 percent last year, according to the Washington Post.)

Even though the military has largely pulled out of Iraq, private contractors remain on the ground and continue to reap U.S. government contracts. For example, the U.S. State Department estimates that taxpayers will dole out $3 billion to private guards for the government’s sprawling embassy in Baghdad.

The costs of paying private and publicly listed war profiteers seem miniscule in light of the total bill for the war.

Last week, the Costs of War Project by the Watson Institute for International Studies at Brown University said the war in Iraq cost $1.7 trillion dollars, not including the $490 billion in immediate benefits owed to veterans of the war and the lifetime benefits that will be owed to them or their next of kin.

By: Angelo Young   from : Reader Supported News

The First Theory Of Evolution Is 600 Years Older Than Darwin


Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī was a Persian polymath and prolific writer: An architect, astronomer, biologist, chemist, mathematician, philosopher, physician, physicist, scientist, theologian and Marja Taqleed. He was of the Ismaili, and subsequently Twelver Shī‘ah, Islamic belief. The Muslim scholar Ibn Khaldun (1332–1406) considered Tusi to be the greatest of the later Persian scholars.

Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī

Nasīr al-Dīn Tūsī.

Tusi has about 150 works, of which 25 are in Persian and the remaining are in Arabic, and there is one treatise in Persian, Arabic and Turkish.

During his stay in Nishapur, Tusi established a reputation as an exceptional scholar. Tusi’s prose writings represent one of the largest collections by a single Islamic author. Writing in both Arabic and Persian, Nasir al-Din Tusi dealt with both religious (“Islamic”) topics and non-religious or secular subjects (“the ancient sciences”). His works include the definitive Arabic versions of the works of Euclid, Archimedes, Ptolemy, Autolycus, and Theodosius of Bithynia.

A Treatise on Astrolabe by Tusi, Isfahan 1505. By Danieliness at the English language Wikipedia, CC BY-SA 3.0, //

A Treatise on Astrolabe by Tusi, Isfahan 1505. Source by Danieliness

In his Akhlaq-i-Nasri, Tusi put forward a basic theory of the evolution of species almost 600 years before Charles Darwin was born. He begins his theory of evolution with the universe once consisting of equal and similar elements. According to Tusi, internal contradictions began appearing, and as a result, some substances began developing faster and differently from other substances. He then explains how the elements evolved into minerals, then plants, then animals, and then humans. Tusi then goes on to explain how hereditary variability was an important factor for biological evolution of living things:

“The organisms that can gain the new features faster are more variable. As a result, they gain advantages over other creatures. […] The bodies are changing as a result of the internal and external interactions.”

The Astronomical Observatory of Nasir al-Dīn Tusi.

Tusi discusses how organisms are able to adapt to their environments:

“Look at the world of animals and birds. They have all that is necessary for defense, protection and daily life, including strengths, courage and appropriate tools [organs] […] Some of these organs are real weapons, […] For example, horns-spear, teeth and claws-knife and needle, feet and hoofs-cudgel. The thorns and needles of some animals are similar to arrows. […] Animals that have no other means of defense (as the gazelle and fox) protect themselves with the help of flight and cunning. […] Some of them, for example, bees, ants and some bird species, have united in communities in order to protect themselves and help each other.”

Iranian stamp for the 700th anniversary of his death

“Animals are higher than plants, because they are able to move consciously, go after food, find and eat useful things. […] There are many differences between the animal and plant species, […] First of all, the animal kingdom is more complicated. Besides, reason is the most beneficial feature of animals. Owing to reason, they can learn new things and adopt new, non-inherent abilities. For example, the trained horse or hunting falcon is at a higher point of development in the animal world. The first steps of human perfection begin from here.”

A stamp issued in the republic of Azerbaijan in 2009 honoring Tusi

Tusi then explains how humans evolved from advanced animals:

“Such humans [probably anthropoid apes] live in the Western Sudan and other distant corners of the world. They are close to animals by their habits, deeds and behavior. […] The human has features that distinguish him from other creatures, but he has other features that unite him with the animal world, vegetable kingdom or even with the inanimate bodies. […] Before [the creation of humans], all differences between organisms were of the natural origin. The next step will be associated with spiritual perfection, will, observation and knowledge. […] All these facts prove that the human being is placed on the middle step of the evolutionary stairway. According to his inherent nature, the human is related to the lower beings, and only with the help of his will can he reach the higher development level.”

From: The Wintage News

Leonardo DiCaprio Stands With Great Sioux Nation To Stop Dakota Access Pipeline


Leonardo DiCaprio participating in a climate change march in New York. (photo: Eduardo Munoz/Reuters)

Joining the cause along with the upcoming Justice League crew, Leonardo DiCaprio is heavily campaigning against the Dakota Access Pipeline (DAPL) construction.

Proposing a $3.7 billion, 1,168 mile pipeline, Dakota Access – a subsidiary of Texas-based Energy Transfer Partners LP have planned for the project to stretch through the North Dakota Bakken region, through South Dakota and Iowa to Illinois, transferring up to 57,000 barrels of crude oil per day.


Referred to as the Bakken pipeline, the DAPL would cross the Missouri River in a region less than a mile from the Standing Rock Reservation. The concern for the Missouri River is that this water source is currently providing water to millions of people in the U.S.

The Sioux people of Standing Rock are trying to highlight the potentials of an oil spill, which could threaten the water and land in their reservation.

DiCaprio tweeted that he was “standing with the Great Sioux Nation to protect their water and lands,” linking this to a petition which urges the U.S. Army Corps of Engineers to step in and halt the construction altogether. His tweet also contained #KeepItInTheGround, calling for fossil fuels to be kept in the ground.

13 year old Anna Lee Rain YellowHammer stood for the youth of Standing Rock by writing:

“A private oil company wants to build a pipeline that would cross the Missouri River less than a mile away from the Standing Rock Reservation and if we don’t stop it, it will poison our river and threaten the health of my community when it leaks.

My friends and I have played in the river since we were little; my great grandparents raised chickens and horses along it. When the pipeline leaks, it will wipe out plants and animals, ruin our drinking water and poison the center of community life for the Standing Rock Sioux.”

Nearing 46,000 signatures, the petition needs 4,000 more to reach their goal.

Dakota Access claims that their proposed route would reach through 50 countries in four states, commenting that the plan “was carefully designed to transport crude in the safest, most efficient way possible.” However, this hasn’t silenced Native American communities and landowners from protesting against the DAPL construction.

“Oil companies keep telling us that this is perfectly safe, but we’ve learned that that’s a lie: from 2012-2013 alone, there were 300 oil pipeline breaks in the state of North Dakota,”

YellowHammer wrote in her petition.

“With such a high chance that this pipeline will leak, I can only guess that the oil industry keeps pushing for it because they don’t care about our health and safety. It’s like they think our lives are more expendable than others.”

Sadly, Army Corps are currently considering permits which will allow the DAPL to go ahead with construction, reportedly stating that they will make their decision within days. This prompts renewed urgency for all the opponents to stop this project altogether.

Many famous faces have joined forces with these opponents, featuring three stars from the new Justice League film. Jason Momoa, Ezra Miller and Ray Fisher are all joining DiCaprio on social media, protesting the pipeline.

Image result for Jason Momoa protest

In his Instagram photo, Momoa holds a sign that states he has signed the petition and that “oil pipelines are a bad idea.”

Image result for Ezra Miller Bakken

“We want to say that our hearts are with the Native youth of the Standing Rock Reservation, and that we oppose the Dakota Access Pipeline,” Miller says in the video, urging viewers to visit Rezpect our Water, which was launched to protest the pipeline.

The 28th of April saw the 500 mile relay Run For Your Life: No DAPL, which spanned from Cannon ball, North Dakota to the Army Corps Omaha District office in Nebraska on the 3rd of May.

“I am doing Run For Your Life: No DAPL because I want the younger generations to know what they are looking forward to in the future if this pipeline comes through,”

lead run coordinator and Standing Rock member said.

“I am running for the whole Oceti Sakowin. I am carrying all their prayers on the road with us. Water is essential to everyday life. Why hasn’t someone even given a thought about the 3 to 4 million people who use our Missouri River water? It is 2016, and here we are fighting our battles, running across the state of South Dakota to show our statement.”

Delivering a unified statement to Colonel John Henderson and the Army Corps in resistance to the planned pipeline, the letter states:

“We write to you as the peoples of this great land, both Native and non-Native, who rely on the Missouri River and our ecosystems for our livelihoods, our communities, and our futures. For a long time, man has behaved as though he has absolute dominion over nature, and now we are beginning to see the effects of what this attitude has done to our world. As global concerns about environmental issues continue to rise, we too are taking a stand out of concern not only for ourselves, but also for the non-human animals in our communities and for the children who shall become a part of nature after we have passed.”

Along with this, they issued a letter of demands that the Army Corps must take before issuing any permit to Dakota Access.

    • Conduct a full EIS [environmental impact assessment] to determine potential environmental effects of the DAPL.
    • Address additional concerns regarding environmental justice and emergency response actions to spills/leaks.
    • Address the potential impact to cultural/historical sites, including native burial grounds.
    • Address the lack of communication with tribes over the past several months, and remedy this by properly consulting and coordinating with affected tribes.
    • Apply President Barack Obama’s climate test and determine whether this project serves the national interest by not significantly exacerbate the problem of carbon pollution.

Concluding that:

“If Dakota Access fails to meet the conditions of any one of these enacted recommendations it stands as a clear indication that it is not a safe and sound project deserving of permitting,”

Former Democratic gubernatorial candidate for Iowa and NPO Bold Iowa director, Ed Fallon met the runners in Omaha, delivering a touching speech about the sad reality behind farmers and landowners feeling helpless when being pressured into signing their hard earned land away for the Bakken pipeline.  Eileen Williamson, spokesperson for the Army Corps Engineers mentioned that they are currently evaluating environmental impacts which may take place during construction.

“For example, if threatened and endangered species is a concern. Let’s say that a proposed crossing and construction schedule could impact nesting of a protected bird,” Williamson told South Dakota public radio. “Then a recommendation would be to ensure that the construction schedule is outside of that nesting period, and that the construction does not affect the habitat that that bird would use for nesting.”

She went on to comment that officials will be required to work within the U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service’s set guidelines along with the state Historic Preservation officer and Tribal governments, with the Corps reviewing public comments.

“We are concerned about a recent drift towards vitriol in the RSN Reader comments section. There is a fine line between moderation and censorship. No one likes a harsh or confrontational forum atmosphere. At the same time everyone wants to be able to express themselves freely. We’ll start by encouraging good judgment. If that doesn’t work we’ll have to ramp up the moderation.”

The general guideline set out should be followed to avoid unnecessary conflict by avoiding personal attacks on other forum members, avoid making ethnically derogatory statements, never advocate violence or illegal activity and keep the protest clean and responsible. This all starts with you, let’s keep working together to make the world a better place to live in.

BY: ELIMOR    from : The Earth Child

Afghanistan’s Buddhas Destroyed By The Taliban Now Resurrected As Holograms …


The 1,500-year-old Buddhas of Bamiyan, which were carved into a cliff face in Afghanistan were once the tallest sculptures in the world. In 2001, the Taliban blown them up, after they were declared to be false idols.


These idols have been gods of the infidels,” declared Taliban leader Mullah Muhammad Omar, in marking the statues for destruction. “First they fired at the Buddhas with tanks and artillery shells,” recalled one Afghan who participated in the attack. “But when that was ineffective, they planted explosives to try to destroy them.” When the Buddhas finally crumbled, Taliban fighters “were firing weapons into the air, they were dancing and they brought nine cows to slaughter as a sacrifice.” The monuments had endured for centuries, only to disappear in a matter of weeks.

But a very kind and generous Chinese couple who have explored the world together, have used a 3D laser light show to restore one of the two sacred Buddha statues.


Zhang Xinyu and Liang Hong, a millionaire couple and full-time adventurers from Beijing, were so moved on hearing about the destruction of the ancient relics that they took it upon themselves to resurrect the statues. In an interview for Daily Mail with Xinhua News Agency, Mr Zhang said:

We knew very little about Afghanistan before we came here.  ‘Our entire image of this strife-torn nation was merely about poverty and suicide attacks,’ In the same interview, Ms Liang said: ‘When I saw the smile on the people’s faces in Bamiyan, I knew what we have done is quite meaningful, not only for the Bamiyan people but also for ourselves. 

‘We wanted to find a way to help the people there and showing the Buddha by image projection was the best we could do.’ 

 Daily Mail reports: In 2005, a Japanese artist proposed a laser projection of the Buddhas but the plan was never realised. Mr Zhang and Ms Liang then decided to take on the project and add the Bamiyan Valley as another destination on the long list of places they have visited across the world. The spectacular resurrection project is part of their multi-nation tour along the ancient Silk Road.

from : The Wintage News

Former Agent Claims FBI Manufactures Nearly All Terrorist Incidents


The United States has been narrowly saved from lethal terrorist plots in recent years — or so it has seemed. A would-be suicide bomber was intercepted on his way to the Capitol; a scheme to bomb synagogues and shoot Stinger missiles at military aircraft was developed by men in Newburgh, N.Y.; and a fanciful idea to fly explosive-laden model planes into the Pentagon and the Capitol was hatched in Massachusetts.

But all these dramas were facilitated by the F.B.I., whose undercover agents and informers posed as terrorists offering a dummy missile, fake C-4 explosives, a disarmed suicide vest and rudimentary training. Suspects naïvely played their parts until they were arrested.

When an Oregon college student, Mohamed Osman Mohamud, thought of using a car bomb to attack a festive Christmas-tree lighting ceremony in Portland, the F.B.I. provided a van loaded with six 55-gallon drums of “inert material,” harmless blasting caps, a detonator cord and a gallon of diesel fuel to make the van smell flammable. An undercover F.B.I. agent even did the driving, with Mr. Mohamud in the passenger seat. To trigger the bomb the student punched a number into a cellphone and got no boom, only a bust.

This is legal, but is it legitimate? Without the F.B.I., would the culprits commit violence on their own? Is cultivating potential terrorists the best use of the manpower designed to find the real ones? Judging by their official answers, the F.B.I. and the Justice Department are sure of themselves — too sure, perhaps.

Carefully orchestrated sting operations usually hold up in court. Defendants invariably claim entrapment and almost always lose, because the law requires that they show no predisposition to commit the crime, even when induced by government agents. To underscore their predisposition, many suspects are “warned about the seriousness of their plots and given opportunities to back out,” said Dean Boyd, a Justice Department spokesman. But not always, recorded conversations show. Sometimes they are coaxed to continue.

Undercover operations, long practiced by the F.B.I., have become a mainstay of counterterrorism, and they have changed in response to the post-9/11 focus on prevention. “Prior to 9/11 it would be very unusual for the F.B.I. to present a crime opportunity that wasn’t in the scope of the activities that a person was already involved in,” said Mike German of the American Civil Liberties Union, a lawyer and former F.B.I. agent who infiltrated white supremacist groups. An alleged drug dealer would be set up to sell drugs to an undercover agent, an arms trafficker to sell weapons. That still happens routinely, but less so in counterterrorism, and for good reason.

“There isn’t a business of terrorism in the United States, thank God,” a former federal prosecutor, David Raskin, explained.

“You’re not going to be able to go to a street corner and find somebody who’s already blown something up,” he said. Therefore, the usual goal is not “to find somebody who’s already engaged in terrorism but find somebody who would jump at the opportunity if a real terrorist showed up in town.”

And that’s the gray area. Who is susceptible? Anyone who plays along with the agents, apparently. Once the snare is set, law enforcement sees no choice. “Ignoring such threats is not an option,” Mr. Boyd argued, “given the possibility that the suspect could act alone at any time or find someone else willing to help him.”

Typically, the stings initially target suspects for pure speech — comments to an informer outside a mosque, angry postings on Web sites, e-mails with radicals overseas — then woo them into relationships with informers, who are often convicted felons working in exchange for leniency, or with F.B.I. agents posing as members of Al Qaeda or other groups.

Some targets have previous involvement in more than idle talk: for example, Waad Ramadan Alwan, an Iraqi in Kentucky, whose fingerprints were found on an unexploded roadside bomb near Bayji, Iraq, and Raja Khan of Chicago, who had sent funds to an Al Qaeda leader in Pakistan.

But others seem ambivalent, incompetent and adrift, like hapless wannabes looking for a cause that the informer or undercover agent skillfully helps them find. Take the Stinger missile defendant James Cromitie, a low-level drug dealer with a criminal record that included no violence or hate crime, despite his rants against Jews. “He was searching for answers within his Islamic faith,” said his lawyer, Clinton W. Calhoun III, who has appealed his conviction. “And this informant, I think, twisted that search in a really pretty awful way, sort of misdirected Cromitie in his search and turned him towards violence.”

THE informer, Shahed Hussain, had been charged with fraud, but avoided prison and deportation by working undercover in another investigation. He was being paid by the F.B.I. to pose as a wealthy Pakistani with ties to Jaish-e-Mohammed, a terrorist group that Mr. Cromitie apparently had never heard of before they met by chance in the parking lot of a mosque.

“Brother, did you ever try to do anything for the cause of Islam?” Mr. Hussain asked at one point.

“O.K., brother,” Mr. Cromitie replied warily, “where you going with this, brother?”

Two days later, the informer told him, “Allah has more work for you to do,” and added, “Revelation is going to come in your dreams that you have to do this thing, O.K.?” About 15 minutes later, Mr. Hussain proposed the idea of using missiles, saying he could get them in a container from China. Mr. Cromitie laughed.

Reading hundreds of pages of transcripts of the recorded conversations is like looking at the inkblots of a Rorschach test. Patterns of willingness and hesitation overlap and merge. “I don’t want anyone to get hurt,” Mr. Cromitie said, and then explained that he meant women and children. “I don’t care if it’s a whole synagogue of men.” It took 11 months of meandering discussion and a promise of $250,000 to lead him, with three co-conspirators he recruited, to plant fake bombs at two Riverdale synagogues.

“Only the government could have made a ‘terrorist’ out of Mr. Cromitie, whose buffoonery is positively Shakespearean in its scope,” said Judge Colleen McMahon, sentencing him to 25 years. She branded it a “fantasy terror operation” but called his attempt “beyond despicable” and rejected his claim of entrapment.

The judge’s statement was unusual, but Mr. Cromitie’s characteristics were not. His incompetence and ambivalence could be found among other aspiring terrorists whose grandiose plans were nurtured by law enforcement. They included men who wanted to attack fuel lines at Kennedy International Airport; destroy the Sears Tower (now Willis Tower) in Chicago; carry out a suicide bombing near Tampa Bay, Fla., and bomb subways in New York and Washington. Of the 22 most frightening plans for attacks since 9/11 on American soil, 14 were developed in sting operations.

Another New York City subway plot, which recently went to trial, needed no help from government. Nor did a bombing attempt in Times Square, the abortive underwear bombing in a jetliner over Detroit, a planned attack on Fort Dix, N.J., and several smaller efforts. Some threats are real, others less so. In terrorism, it’s not easy to tell the difference.

Article by DAVID K. SHIPLER     from

Self-Defense Against Dogs: A Guide For Standing Rock Protesters


A couple of articles on defence against dog attacks, applicable to not only people engaged in protest and resistance actions but also those living in areas where stray and/or feral dogs may present a real threat (i.e., remote towns and villages, including reservations).

How to Handle a Dog Attack

Imagine that you’re enjoying a run in the park or a bike ride through the neighborhood when, suddenly, an unfamiliar dog runs up to you, snarls, and primes himself to lunge. What should you do?  There’s a right way and a wrong way to handle a dog attack. Keep yourself safe by staying calm and taking some measures to diffuse the situation.

1.Warding Off an Attack

1. Do not panic. There’s some truth to the old adage that dogs and other animals can “sense fear”. If you become agitated and run or scream, you may make the dog feel more confident in his attack, or, worse, you may appear threatening to the dog. Neither of these is a good situation to be in.

2. Make yourself rigid and motionless. When a dog approaches, stand completely still with your hands at your sides, like a tree, and avert your eyes.[1] In many cases the dog will lose interest and walk away if you ignore him.

  • Do not wave your arms around or kick with your legs; the dog may perceive these actions as threatening.
  • Don’t make eye contact, since that could also cause the dog to lunge.
  • Stand sideways to the dog and keep him in your peripheral vision instead of facing him and making eye contact. This will signal to the dog that you are not a threat.
  • Don’t open your hands and arms up to a bite by extending them. Keep your fingers curled into fists to avoid getting them bitten. The dog may come quite close, even sniffing you, without actually biting.

3. Do not try to run away. Running away can awaken the dog’s prey instinct to chase and catch animals. He may pursue you vigorously even if his initial intent was just playful. Additionally, you won’t be able to outrun most dogs if you’re on foot. Even if you are on a bicycle, many dogs will be able to catch up to you.[2]

4. Distract the dog with another object. If the dog continues to threaten you, offer him something to chew on, such as your backpack or water bottle: anything but your arm or leg. This may distract him enough to give you time to escape.

  • You may want to carry treats or toys when traveling in areas known to be home to dangerous dogs. If approached by an angry dog, throw your treats or toy away from you. The dog may go after these instead of you.

Police_dog_attack 2

2. Defending and Protecting Yourself

1. Face the dog and command, “back away.” If the dog continues to behave aggressively, and ignoring or pacifying him is no longer working, face him and sternly command him to leave.

  • Use a strong, deep, and confident commanding voice.
  • Continue to avoid making eye contact.
  • The dog may become discouraged or intimidated and leave.

2. Fight back against an attacking dog. If the dog starts biting you, you’ve got to defend yourself. Hit or kick the dog in the throat, nose, and the back of the head. This will stun the dog and give you time to get away.[3]

  • It’s okay to raise your voice at this point. Yell for help as you’re fighting back. Hopefully others will hear and come to your aid. However, avoid screaming as this may lead the dog to strengthen his attack.
  • If you have a stick or another weapon, you can (and should) use it to hit the dog. Don’t hit him over the top of the head, though; most dogs have very thick skulls, so this will only serve to make the dog angrier. If available, mace or pepper spray also work as a good defense against an attacking dog.
  • Fight as though your life depends on it, because it does. Dog attacks can be fatal. While you certainly don’t want to hurt a dog unnecessarily, you should use force as necessary if you are being seriously attacked.

3. Use your weight to your advantage. Bring your entire body weight to bear on the animal, specifically pushing down with the hard points of your knees or elbows. Dogs are vicious biters but cannot wrestle, so try to get an advantageous position and break their bones fairly quickly. Get on top of the animal and concentrate force on areas such as the throat or ribs while minding to keep your face out of clawing/biting range.

  • If you are looking for a more humane solution and can manage it, straddle the back of the dog with your partial body weight and apply forward pressure to the back of the neck to immobilize the dog until help comes.

Police_dog_attack 5

4. Protect your face, chest, and throat. If you fall to the ground during the attack, not only is it more difficult to fight off the angry dog, but vital areas on your torso, head, and neck become more vulnerable to attack. These are the most important spots on your body to protect because bites in these places will inflict the most damage and will have the greatest chance of killing you.

  • Protect your vitals[4] by rolling onto your stomach, tucking your knees in, and bringing your hands (balled in fists) up to your ears.
  • Resist the urge to scream or roll away, as these actions may further encourage the dog.[5]

5. Leave the area slowly and carefully. Once the dog loses interest in you, leave the scene of the attack slowly by backing away without sudden movements.[6]Staying calm and stationary can be a real test of your nerves in such a stressful situation, but it’s the best thing to do as long as the dog isn’t actually biting you.

3. Handling the Aftermath

1. Attend to any wounds. If you are bitten, be sure to take care of any wounds promptly, as even minor bites can cause infection. Perform basic first aid procedures for bites suffered from a dog attack:

  • Apply gentle pressure to stop minor bleeding. Use a clean cloth or sterile gauze pad. If bleeding is serious or if it won’t stop after several minutes of applying pressure, seek professional medical attention.
  • Wash the wound thoroughly. Use warm water and soap to gently cleanse the wound.
  • Dress the wound. Use a sterile band-aid (for very small cuts) or sterile bandages for larger lacerations.
  • Look closely for signs of infection, including redness, warmth, increasing tenderness, or oozing pus. See a doctor if any of these symptoms arise.

2. Call the authorities. It’s important to determine whether an attacking dog has rabies or a history of aggression. Call the authorities immediately after a dog attack so that the dog can be prevented from harming anyone else and be tested for diseases.

  • If the dog that attacked you was a stray, he may attack others, too. Removing him from the area is the best way to ensure the safety of yourself and others.
  • For dogs with owners nearby, how you handle the situation after the attack has been diffused is up to you. If you’ve been hurt, you may want to take legal action. Many states have laws holding owners responsible for the actions of their dogs.

3. See a medical professional promptly. If you were bitten by an unknown dog, a dog that was later found to have rabies, or a dog that appeared to be foaming at the mouth, it’s imperativethat you see a doctor right away to get preventative treatment for the deadly disease rabies.

  • The rabies shot sequence, if it is necessary, should be started as soon as possible after the bite.
  • Most European countries are considered to be “rabies-free,” so a shot is not likely to be necessary in the event of an attack that takes place in Europe.
  • If you haven’t had a tetanus shot in the past 5 years, you may require additional preventative tetanus treatments.
  • In general, any significant wounds from a dog attack should be examined by a medical professional.


Police_dog_attack 3

4. Taking Precautions Against Attacks

1. Look for warning signs. Most dogs are not aggressive, but, rather, just curious or defending what they perceive as their territory. Thus, to avoid unnecessary conflict, it is important to be able to tell if a dog is just playing or is being truly aggressive. While some breeds have been singled out as being particularly vicious, any mid-size and large dog breed can be dangerous,[7]so do not ignore warning signs because you think a certain breed is harmless or friendly. Watch for common signs of aggression (and non-aggression):[8]

  • Growling, snarling, and baring teeth are obvious displays of aggression and should be treated as such.
  • An angry dog may show the whites of his eyes, especially if these aren’t normally visible.
  • Pulled-back ears laying flat against the head are a telltale sign of aggression, whereas normal floppy or elevated ears usually signal a dog’s nonchalance.
  • If the dog approaches you with its body relaxed and with a sloping curve in its midsection, the dog is probably not going to attack.
  • A dog whose body is tense, straight and stiff (head, shoulders and hips aligned) could mean business.
  • A loping gait means the dog is playful and checking you out. An even, steady run means the dog may be dangerous.

Dogs on reserve 1

2. Avoid aggravating a dog. Most dog attacks are the result of insufficient containment of the dog, poor training, or taunting. Unfortunately, the world will never be rid of bad owners, so it is wise to be prepared. Common sense should tell you not to aggravate any kind of animal.

  • Never irritate a dog who’s eating or caring for her pups. Dogs are extra-protective during these times.
  • Avoid smiling at the dog. You may think you are putting on a friendly face with a big toothy smile, but an aggressive dog sees you baring your teeth for a fight.
  • Dogs that are chained or tethered to a stationary object for extended periods of time are more likely to be aggressive, so do not come within their reach.

3. Assume all unknown dogs are threats.  In general, the best policy when it comes to dog attacks is to do everything you can to avoid them in the first place. If you see a dog that may be dangerous, stay away.

  • Report any dangerous-looking dogs or possible strays in your neighborhood to the authorities.
  • Teach your children never to approach unfamiliar dogs until they are sure they are safe.
  • By giving all unknown dogs a wide berth until you find evidence that they are safe, you can avoid the majority of dangerous dog encounters.

Sources and Citations

How to Survive a Dog Attack


by Margaret Eden, Force Necessary

Based on statistics obtained from the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, every year 4.7 million people suffer a dog attack in the United States. Of this number, 800,000 require medical attention, and 17 result in death. Despite leash laws and animal control programs, dogs roam free in city streets, suburbs, and rural and remote areas. Generally, dog attacks occur in average neighborhoods while people walk, jog or exercise their own dogs.

“I took my Huskies out on their leashes late one evening,” says Phil in Oklahoma. “We had only gone a block when a Golden Retriever charged out of the bushes and attacked my dogs. It wasn’t until I managed to separate the dogs that I felt blood trickling down my leg where the retriever had sunk his teeth into my thigh.”

Phil’s story is not unusual, according to Mark Minnerly, owner of The Dallas Dog Trainer, Dallas, Texas. “Dogs frequently attack other dogs who stray into their territory. If people get in the way, they get bit. Dogs are pack animals, territorial by nature.”

“Some dogs possess a stronger instinct than others,” says Minnerly. “The profile of killer dogs has changed over the last 15 years. Great Danes were responsible for the largest percentage of fatal attacks in 1979. In 1995 and 1996 Rottweilers killed 11 of 22 dog attack victims. However it’s important to remember that Rottweilers are owned in greater numbers these days.”

All dogs test the water during new encounters. They immediately try to access who you are, why you are there, and who’s in charge. If the person or dog under attack acts correctly, it may diffuse the situation.

How to avoid a dog attack

The best way to avoid an attack is to avoid a strange dog’s territory — but that’s not always possible. If a dog is charging at you, you must quickly determine what type of attack the dog has in mind.

“Dog aggression really takes two forms — defensive or offensive,” says Minnerly. “If a dog feels threatened, he growls and moves away from you hoping you’ll do the same.

“If he moves closer, it’s best to stand still, maintain good posture and keep your eye on him,” says Minnerly. “Try talking. Use a soothing tone. Call for the owner. Hopefully, he’ll call off his dog. Watch the dog closely. Pivot to face him, if necessary. Don’t shout or make threatening body movements. This might make the dog shift from defensive to offensive mode.”

If the encounter takes place in an open area, a steady gaze lets the dog know you feel confident and may discourage an attack. Usually, a fearful dog will back off after a few minutes. However, if the confrontation takes place in a confined space, you might want to stare at a point on the dog’s body rather than directly at his face. If a fearful dog feels cornered, a direct gaze may goad him to attack. If the dog operates off the herding instinct, he will want to chase you down and bite you on the heels or the buttocks. But generally they aren’t bold enough to bite you if you face them. Never let the dog get behind you.

Dog Attack guide

You can easily recognize an aggressive dog by its bark. It says, come on over here. I’m going to have you for lunch. An aggressive dog doesn’t try to scare you away. Instead, he dares you to do something. Often an aggressive dog will move in close and snarl in your face, teeth bared, or charge you in an attempt to make you run so he can give chase.

Most dog attacks take place when an unsupervised dog charges up to investigate a dog on a leash. “It’s a dog’s nature to investigate the new dog by sticking his nose in the new dog’s crotch,” says Minnerly. “Dogs instinctively attack the stomach because gut wounds nearly always prove fatal. It’s a lot like the way lions bring down prey in the wild. If you get in the way, the dog will bite you, too. The worst thing you can do during a dog attack is run,” says Minnerly. “If you run, the dog sees you as prey, and he’ll chase you down.”

“Dogs in the wild don’t usually present a problem,” says Minnerly. “Most are loners and go out of their way to avoid humans. They are looking for food, not trouble. They live on mice, rats and sometimes small or injured deer. If you encounter a wild dog accidentally, it usually runs away.”

On the other hand, dogs running in packs can prove extremely dangerous. “They feed off each other’s excitement,” says Minnerly. “They may attack larger prey than normal. They do things a lone dog would never try. Sometimes they attack pets or livestock.

“During a recession in Alaska in the ’70s, people moved away leaving their property and dogs behind,” says Minnerly, who lived in Alaska at the time.

“Dogs banded together in packs and roamed the streets searching for food. They’d come into your yard and eat your dog while he sat chained to a tree if you weren’t careful.”

What to do if things get nasty with a dog

If the unthinkable happens, and a vicious dog attacks you or someone you love, quickly search your environment for weapons to hold the dog at bay. If a bite is truly inevitable and you find no weapons at close range, use a shirt or jacket to wrap your weak-sided arm. Offer the protected arm to the dog as a distraction while you call for help or attempt to back to safety. Often in a frenzied attempt to get at you, an attacking dog will bite almost anything. A stick, a bag or a book may provide a valuable substitute for an arm or leg as you try to escape. It’s always a good idea to carry weapons such as mace, a knife or even a handgun. Real survivalists carry more than one weapon. Two knives, one carried on each side prepares you to survive an incapacitating wound to either your right or left side and allows you to fight on.

Police_dog_attack 4

If you carry a knife, cut the throat, stab the eyes or the face of the dog for the quickest reaction. Stabs to the body don’t always take effect in time to prevent the dog from biting you. Attacking the dog’s face, jaw muscles or throat will disable it quicker and may prevent serious injury to the person.

If you carry a small caliber gun, aim for the dog’s head/brain; a body shot may not bring the dog down immediately. If you carry a large caliber gun, aim for the body. The impact alone can significantly disrupt the attack. However, it takes time to draw a gun. Statistics indicate a person attacking you may run 19 feet before you can pull a gun from a holster and shoot. Many dogs run faster than the average human.

If serious attack becomes unavoidable and you are:


  •  search the immediate vicinity for weapons
  •  wrap your weaker arm in clothing and use it to distract the dog
  •  call for the owner
  •  back to safety


  • use mace or other spray to subdue the dog
  • use knife to stab jaw muscles, face, eyes or throat of dog
  • fire small caliber gun at dog’s head
  • fire large caliber gun at dog’s body

It’s important to know that dogs always follow the survival of the fittest principle unless extensively trained to do otherwise.

“I’ve had police officers down on the ground under attack by a criminal. When the policeman calls his dog for help, the dog attacks him,” says Minnerly, “because he’s on the bottom of the pile. It takes a lot of training to overcome a dog’s natural instinct.”

Authorities Threaten To Boycott Kaepernick While Rapist Brock Turner’s Parents Plead For Extra Police Security


Upon his release from a California county jail Friday,swarms of armed and angry protesters greeted convicted rapist Brock Turner at his Sugarcreek, Ohio home the following morning. Turner drew national outrage for raping an unconscious woman behind a dumpster after a night of partying near Stanford University in 2015.

The angry protesters, brandishing guns and toting signs that read “If I Rape Brock, Will I Only Get 3 Months?,” was enough for the Sugarcreek Township Police Department to vow extra security for the convicted rapist and his parents.

That same day, the Santa Clara Police Association threatened to boycott the protection of San Francisco 49ers quarterback Colin Kaepernick for his refusal to stand during the national anthem. Kaepernick also drew national outrage when he opted to sit during the Star-Spangled Banner in an act of protest over police brutality in America.

“There’s a lot of things that need to change,” the NFL star quarterback said. “One specifically? Police brutality. There’s people being murdered unjustly and not being held accountable. People are being given paid leave for killing people. That’s not right. That’s not right by anyone’s standards.”

Kaepernick vowed not to stand until police violence — specifically against people of color — was properly addressed.

Protecting the citizens of America, no matter their crime or political stance, is an integral part of being a police officer. However, refusing to provide protection to one controversial figure over another is just another point to reinforce Kaepernick’s stance against police brutality and the National Anthem. Why should African-Americans be expected to salute a nation’s flag that doesn’t afford them the same protections as convicted rapists?

The Santa Clara Police Association, seemingly offended by Kaepernick’s actions rather than the reasoning behind them, doesn’t see it that way. According to the Los Angeles Times, the police union penned a letter to the 49ers complaining that the star quarterback’s “inappropriate behavior” has “threatened our harmonious working relationship.”

“The board of directors of the Santa Clara Police Officer’s Association has a duty to protect its members and work to make all of their working environments free of harassing behavior,” the letter stated.


The police union went on to assert that it would no longer provide security at the 49ers games if the team didn’t discipline Kaepernick for his actions and critical statements against law enforcement. The team has since stood behind its quarterback, stating that it respects Kaepernick’s right to boycott the National Anthem if he wants to, the Los Angeles Times reports.

Police Chief Michael Sellers has urged the union to put citizens’ safety first, despite the football player’s “distasteful” behavior.

“[Kaepernick’s] blanket statements disparaging the law enforcement profession are hurtful and do not help bring the country together,” Sellers said in a press release Saturday. “As distasteful as his actions are, these actions are protected by the Constitution. Police officers are here to protect the rights of every person, even if we disagree with their position.”

Meanwhile in Ohio, Sugarcreek Township police provided round-the-clock security for Turner and his family. According to TMZ, Turner’s parents feared for their son’s life and called local police for extra protection against the mass of protesters.

While there have been no direct threats against the convicted rapist and his family, a law enforcement source told the news site “everybody is always concerned about death threats.”

Police will also be monitoring social media for any threatening activity.

Turner and his family will remain protected by police who swore to do so; the same might not be said about Kaepernick and the thousands of San Francisco 49er fans.


Tanasia Kenney